Broken Hill is important as the place where occupational health and safety provision for workers, particularly miners, was developed and where measures were first taken to protect the local community from the environmental impact of mining operations.
Broken Hill’s industrial heritage is exemplified through industrial action during 1919–1920, improving underground work conditions and establishing the 35 hour week, which everyone in Australia now enjoys.
On the environmental front, Broken Hill was an early change-maker. In the 1930s, Broken Hill resident Albert Morris (with support of the Zinc Corporation) began experimenting with fencing and plantings of native species to combat the impact of dust storms. This regeneration approach was subsequently used by mining companies throughout Australia, particularly in arid zones.